Canada's most popular introduction of 2 biofuel po

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Canada's introduction of the 2% biofuel policy sparked controversy

the Canadian government recently decided that since January 1, 2011, all fuel sold in Canada should contain 2% renewable fuel. According to the government, with the help of the new biofuel regulations, freight drivers can reduce their carbon footprint "in any meaningful way", but the Canadian freight alliance has questioned this

the definition of renewable fuel is that as an alternative fuel, its source is renewable substances, such as vegetable oil, kitchen waste oil, animal fat, fish oil or fibrous raw materials produced by crops and forest products. Biofuel is one of them

Peter Kent, Minister of environment of Canada, announced the new deal in early February, He said: "when we announced this new renewable fuel strategy, we knew very well that two percentage points was an operable plan in terms of technical feasibility, which was a positive achievement. From this achievement, we could move forward, further reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and finally let all Canadians breathe in cleaner air."

the Canadian rapeseed association is "absolutely thrilled" about this decision. Joanne buth, the president of the association, said: "we hope that the federal government can develop a biofuel production base in western Canada in the next step, so that biofuel production can be measured in Canada according to the shape and size of test pieces, and more jobs can be created in China."

the renewable fuel regulation of the Canadian government was promulgated on September 1st, 2010, requiring that gasoline should contain 5% renewable energy, while diesel and heating oil and gas should contain 2% renewable energy

Gerry Ritz, Minister of agriculture of Canada, said: "We are fulfilling our commitments. We promise farmers, rural communities and industrial and mining enterprises to regulate the use of renewable fuels and add renewable fuels to biofuels and heating fuels. This will not only provide another sales market for farmers' crops, but also prove what contribution the agricultural sector will make to Canada's carbon emission reduction."

like ordinary fuels, biofuels will freeze to jelly under low temperature conditions, but the mixed fuel containing up to 20% biofuels can be used all year round. If processed, it can meet the needs of the whole winter even under extremely cold conditions. The current Canadian government has been working with industry to study and demonstrate how to ensure that the renewable fuel mixed with 2% can be used in cold weather? How to store for a long time? The impact on the engine and related equipment, as well as a series of possible problems in fuel sales. The industrialization technology research platform and team are relatively lacking. Now the research report shows that it is technically feasible to add an average of 2% renewable fuel to the fuel

the government of stephenharper has set a target that Canada will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 17% on the basis of 2005 by 2020. The emission reduction of the transportation industry is the key to achieving the goal of bringing the experimental process into computer control. According to Environment Canada, these two requirements of the strategy, together with other local regulations, will ensure the use of renewable fuels and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 4million tons per year in Canada, which is almost equivalent to reducing onemillion motor vehicles on Canadian roads. In addition, the Canadian government has implemented regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for passenger cars, which will now be implemented in the field of heavy vehicles

the natural resources center of Canada uses the life cycle assessment model ghgenius to estimate that under typical Canadian living conditions, the use of biofuels made of vegetable oil can reduce the consumption of petrochemical energy in the life cycle by 80%, while compared with natural petrochemical fuels, the use of biofuels can reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the life cycle by more than 60%. Compared with gasoline, biofuels can also reduce automobile exhaust emissions to a certain extent

a life cycle analysis report on rapeseed grating lateral moire fringe displacement oil biofuel recently released by the Canadian rapeseed Association says that if Canadian rapeseed oil is used as the production source of biofuel, it will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 90% in the life cycle compared with the use of petrochemical fuels

however, the ecological resources advisory committee of Environment Canada released a research report in 2009. The Canadian Transport Union cited the report to raise doubts, saying that biofuels have little environmental protection effect on greenhouse gas emission reduction, and the cost is too high

from 2011 to 2035, the marginal cost to the whole society caused by the implementation of the new biofuel policy in road transportation is expected to reach US $4.5 billion, but the income from greenhouse gas emission reduction is only about US $860million. By region, western Canada will bear the most cost, about US $1.8 billion, followed by Ontario, which will bear us $1.3 billion, and Quebec, which will bear us $450million

the report also believes that the transportation industry and more and more consumers who buy more fuel-efficient light vehicles will eventually be overwhelmed by the marginal cost of biofuels, which is reflected in the direct cost expenditure and the rising cost of the oil processing industry. At the same time, they will gain little benefit from greenhouse gas emission reduction

davidbradley, chairman of the transport alliance, said: "it is not surprising that other countries are rethinking their biofuel policies. Canada says it should be consistent with the new heavy vehicle emission reduction regulations issued by the United States. However, the regulations of the United States do not even mention biofuels as an alternative to implementing the new standards."

he said: "as long as it is applicable to the engine, adequate supply is guaranteed, consumers can afford it, and the engine warranty is not affected, we are not opposed to introducing alternative fuels to reduce our dependence on petroleum products."

Bradley also said: "if it is about protecting the environment, the Ministry of environment should provide emission credits for the transportation industry to use this new product. In addition to the lack of environmental benefits, this new fuel standard will also bring serious operability problems to users of heavy and light vehicles. Engines using this fuel may have engine warranty problems in winter."

"unfortunately, from the beginning, it seems that the interests of consumers rank second compared with those of the agricultural sector. Not only truck drivers and other motor vehicle operators, but also the growing number of small car users, all of them need to use fuel. However, those large agricultural enterprises can make a lot of profits from this new bio fuel policy."

the last liberal government of Canada signed the Kyoto Protocol, requiring that greenhouse gas emissions be reduced by 5.2% from 1990 levels by the end of 2012. However, the current conservative Prime Minister Harper said that this goal could not be achieved

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